Ozone therapy treatment of cellulite
Cellulite treatment is one of the most relevant directions in aesthetic medicine. Cellulite is a polyethiological pathology of hypodermic fatty tissue. Clinically, the above pathology is characterized by waffle appearance of the skin, cellulite bulges and humps, and is found especially in the areas of big fat localization (underlying the skin of thighs, buttocks, abdominal regions, less frequently shins, shoulders and waist area). Only women develop cellulite, mainly at the age group of 30-40 years old, therefore the pathology is considered to be connected with hormonal disorders. It is often entailed by taking hormonal contraceptives.
Fig. 1. Human skin composition
1 – corneal and nucleating layers of epidermis; 2 – sebaceous gland; 4 – hair; 5, 6 – superficial vascular plexus; 7, 11 – sweat gland; 8 – hypodermic fatty tissue; 9 – nerve fiber; 10 – deep vascular plexus; 12 – epidermis; 13 – derma; 14 – underlying tissue
The fatty tissue is formed by the fat cells which are loosely interconnected and submerged in intercellular substance which is pierced by a network of fibrous and elastic fibers. The fat cells are surrounded by the fibers and form fatty lobules. Contrary to popular opinion, if in healthy state, the fatty tissue has a good blood supply, as it performs the function of an energy depot and requires discharging the accumulated energy. Every fat cell is surrounded by capillary network which provides the necessary blood supply.
Fig. 2. Composition of human skin and hypodermic layer (norm)
1 - Epidermis and derma; 2 – hypodermic fatty tissue; 3 – second and third fatty layers; 4 – muscle
Fig. 3. Composition of human skin and hypodermic layer (cellulite)
When the fibrous tissue increases, the fatty lobules form a so-called ‘cellulite knot’ which is perceptible to the touch and visible to the eye. Resulting from contraction of elastic fibers between separate knots, a characteristic waffle appearance of the skin is developed.
The above described pathology is caused by the following:
1. Hereditary features of fatty tissue
2. Microcirculation disorder in hypodermic fatty tissue
3. Inactive lifestyle
4. Unhealthy diet (with prevalence of animal fats, cholesterol, non-organic salts)
5. Endocrine system disorders
6. Disruptions of water and salt balance
Until recently there have not been many methods of treating this unpleasant cosmetic drawback. Anticellulite massage brought only slight temporary improvement, and starvation or low-calorie dieting appeared to be totally ineffective, as even considerable loss of weight does not lead to the fat loss from the problematic areas.
According to the recent data, out of the variety of reasons causing cellulite, the key chain link in the pathogen of this disease is the microcirculation disorder. Therefore, hypodermic injections of oxygen-ozone mix used for the cellulite correction recently, present an effective and pathogenetically justified method of treatment.
In addition to its well-known properties of a powerful natural oxidizer, having an intense bactericidal effect, injected under the skin, ozone is capable of:
1. improving the microcirculation in the skin and hypodermic fatty tissue;
2. encouraging the transformation of stable fats to less stable fats, thus facilitating their burning;
3. activating oxygen-dependant reactions and releasing oxygen to the surrounding tissues;
4. contributing to dissolving of fibrous membranes which surround the fatty cells and form cellulite knots. This is possible thanks to fibrinolytic ozone properties.
The so-called ‘Italian method’ of treating cellulite with the help of hypodermic injections in combination with ozone-enriched creams, gels or oils massaged into skin has demonstrated in practice a higher extent of effectiveness compared to the other well-known methods used in clinical practice.
There is no need for special regimen or limitations during the course of ozone therapy.
Immediately after the start of the cellulite treatment the patients notice the feeling of lightness in the lower limbs, disappearance of stale bluish coloring and the reduction of swelling. After the course of treatment is completed, the waffled appearance of the skin disappears, it acquires a tender pink color and becomes smoother and more elastic, and the underlying fatty tissue gets denser and more compact. The achieved effect remains if the treatment is performed 2 to 3 times per year. In addition to the above, the areas affected by cellulite that do not reduce at a proper rate when dieting, appear to decrease at the same pace as the healthy fatty layers.
Therefore, the ozone therapy is similar in its results with the surgical liposuction, but contrary to the latter it is non-traumatic, almost painless, can be performed on an outpatient basis, does not require any rehabilitation period and has a minimum of contraindications.